If you have a teen daughter at home, you know that her hormones are raging, and she exhibits erratic and confrontational behavior at times. These changes can sometimes be overwhelming, and rather detrimental. As a mom, you will understandably be worried about your little girl, who is growing up so rapidly. So you have to be prepared for anything and everything.
Teen Pregnancy and Childbearing
Teenage pregnancy: Helping your teen cope - Mayo Clinic
Every year, an estimated 21 million girls aged 15 to 19 years and 2 million girls aged under 15 years become pregnant in developing regions 1 , 2. Approximately 16 million girls aged 15 to 19 years and 2. The global adolescent birth rate has declined from 65 births per women in to 47 births per women in 6. Despite this overall progress, because the global population of adolescents continues to grow, projections indicate the number of adolescent pregnancies will increase globally by , with the greatest proportional increases in West and Central Africa and Eastern and Southern Africa 7. Additionally, regional differences reveal unequal progress: adolescent birth rates range from a high of births per women in West Africa to 64 births per women in Latin America and the Caribbean to 45 births per women in South-Eastern Asia, to a low of 7 births per women in Eastern Asia 8. There are also up to three times more adolescent pregnancies in rural and indigenous populations than in urban populations 9. Adolescent pregnancies are a global problem that occurs in high, middle, and low income countries.
Pregnancy may present physical risks as teenagers are still growing and developing, and pregnancy places additional demand on the body. It may also present psychological risks to their mental health and wellbeing. The responsibility of care and parenthood may pose a heavy burden of unwanted responsibility and young women may be unable to cope. In addition to health risks, there are a variety of circumstantial and environmental risks to both mother and baby that may affect the opportunities and future outcomes available to both mother and child. Financial concerns and a potential drop-off in further education may reduce the economic opportunities of young women facing parenthood, thus increasing the risk of poverty.
As a pediatrician and a mother, Sandra Beirne has experience caring for children from both perspectives. For many teenagers, pregnancy is an unplanned and challenging life event -- and one that can reroute their entire life course. In addition to the implications on education and financial stability, becoming pregnant as a teenager is associated with an increased risk for some potentially serious health problems for both the mother and the baby. The mother's risk for anemia and postpartum depression is heightened, and the baby is more likely to be born prematurely and have a low birth weight. Teenage mothers are more likely to deliver a baby with a low birth weight -- that is, a baby weighing less than 5.